Dispute Boards Process

A Dispute Board (DB) is normally set up at the outset of a contract to informally assist the parties, if they so desire, in resolving disagreements that may arise in the course of the contract.

As such, DBs make either Decisions or Recommendations regarding disputes referred to it by any of the parties. A Decision must be complied with as soon as the parties receive it. A Recommendation, on the other hand, must be complied with only if no party specifies dissatisfaction within a stated time limit.

Three types of Dispute Board are available under the ICC Dispute Board Rules. These include:

  • Dispute Review Boards (DRB), a more consensual approach, which issue Recommendations,
  • Dispute Adjudication Boards (DAB), a more compulsory approach, which issue Decisions,
  • and Combined Dispute Boards (CDB), an intermediate approach, which normally issue Recommendations but may issue Decisions if a party so requests and no other party objects.
Dispute Boards process